What does "uncensorable" mean in your Theses?

In this image:

You say the BSV ledger is “uncensorable.”

Just wondering, what does that mean to you?

I find it concerning to see that word used in this context, considering CSW has said it is easy to censor, and due to illegal (and reprehensible) content having been uploaded via Money Button in the past, it strikes me as really important to be able to censor certain content, at least to comply with law.

So, I was just wondering, do you actually believe the blockchain is “uncensorable,” and what does that mean, to you?

It also seems to me that the blockchain is not immutable, because block reorgs could happen, so if you’d be willing to comment on that to clarify its meaning as well, I would appreciate it.


Nothing is 100%. Nothing is black and white.

If you take things literally, it is censorable. But it requires a majority of miners to censor something. You have to get a majority of a worldwide collective of miners to decide that they will not include a transaction. That means no single government or entity gets to decide what can be censored.

If you are talking about illegal or malicious content, that depends on the content providers. It will be very difficult to prevent that from getting on chain, but most, if not all, of the data on the block chain will have to be fed to users through a service and those services have the ability to filter the content based on their local regulations.

The same thing with immutability. Technically it is mutable, or able to be modified, especially near the tip of the chain. Though it doesn’t really make sense economically to even attempt. It is likely that even if there is a reorg, the data contained is still effectively the same, unless it relates to some blockchain consensus issue. Even at one confirm, it becomes very unlikely that your data can be changed. Miners will not be wasting money to try to manipulate data.

As the data moves farther back in the chain it becomes near mathematically impossible to modify the chain because it requires redoing all of the proof of work from that point forward and building more proof of work on top of a modified chain than all of the miners working on the legitimate chain. At scale this becomes more proof of work than any one entity can produce.

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I meant uncensorable in the sense that anyone can broadcast their transactions/contracts to the network.

Nodes can decide not to serve up certain types of data (eg. child porn) in the future but it is not practical to prevent users from broadcasting transactions in the first place. Nodes ‘censoring’ data that is part of the blockchain is only something that will happen for something that is very disturbing and banned in most countries.

When it comes to the Tokenized Protocol - aka commercial records - there will always be nodes that will be willing to serve it up.

I suppose the system you guys describe could be a good in the sense of having an evidence trail to catch criminals. However, it should require tighter controls on reading so no rogue node operator can crawl the blockchain and serve illegal content, or at least, so that it’s easy to detect and then catch them near-instantly, but ideally it would be proactively filtered out to prevent harm of innocent viewers of on-chain content.

Extrapolating my SEO experience using proxies to scrape Google faster than Google would prefer, it seems like it would be easy to get illegal content without being traced, with something like TOR. It would be distressing for me to find Bitcoin used to distribute banned content, especially related to human rights abuses.

I’m curious as to whether and how nodes are going to do their due diligence to find and filter illegal content. But that may be beyond the scope of this forum. Thank you for clarifying your interpretation of the terms, I appreciate it!